Name of the now legendary Soviet bitch who was the first living being to orbit in space around Earth.
The animal was launched on November 3, 1957. Laika was placed inside a cylindrical vessel of the Sputnik 2 satellite (the second artificial satellite launched by the Soviet Union), which weighed 508 kg. The dog lived ten days in Earth orbit demonstrating for the first time that an evolved organism can survive in space.
However, as the Soviets had not yet perfected the recovery mechanisms of artificial bodies, after this period the Sputnik entered the earth's atmosphere like a meteor and disintegrated among the protests of many animal protection agencies.
Better luck had, in August 1960, the two dogs Belka and Strelka, placed in orbit aboard the Sputnik 5 (in fact it was a prototype of the Vostok spacecraft) and recovered alive the next day, after having made 18 orbits Around the Earth
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