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Fusion (physical)

Fusion (physical)

It is the nuclear process that keeps all the stars in our Sun lit. At the high temperatures and pressures that are determined in these stars. The nuclei of the light elements tend to melt giving rise to heavier element nuclei and releasing large amounts of energy.

Man, for years, is trying to carry out the nuclear fusion process on Earth in order to obtain clean energy and at limited costs. For this reason, special machines are in an advanced stage of experimentation in which the so-called "controlled nuclear fusion" can be performed.

In practice, a mixture of gas called plasma, formed by deuterium and trice, takes place at very high temperatures, of the order of 50-100 million degrees, two isotopes of hydrogen. Hydrogen, which is the simplest atom, is formed by a nucleus with a single proton (positive) and an electron (negative) that revolves around it; the deuterium has a nucleus with a proton and a neutron (neutral) and an electron that revolves around it; The trice has a nucleus with a proton and two neutrons and an electron that revolves around.

When the plasma is subjected to very high temperatures, the deuterium and trice nuclei shed their electrons and join together forming a helium nucleus (consisting of two protons and two neutrons) and releasing a neutron. This last particle, braked with the appropriate methods, yields its energy in the form of heat. The heat is used to heat the water, and the latter to set in motion a turbine that generates electricity.

When the nuclear fusion reactor can be controlled, human civilization will be free forever from energy problems, because deuterium and trice, unlike fossil fuels or uranium (which feeds the nuclear fission process), are Easy to find on Earth.


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